A common property of many complex systems is resilience, that is, the ability of the system to react to perturbations, internal failures, and environmental events by absorbing the disturbance and/or rebuild to maintain its functions. Nowadays, understanding how complex systems demonstrate resilience is critical in many different fields, because examples of collapses and crises caused by low resilience are more and more spreading all over the world including transportation, financial, energy, communication, and ecological systems.
Therefore, in the last decade, the topic of resilience has grown a lot in popularity. Studies on resilience are popular in multiple disciplines, such as ecology, environmental science, computer science, engineering, management science, economics, and phycology. They investigate resilience of a broad variety of complex systems involving individuals, teams, ecosystems, organizations, communities, supply chains, financial networks, computer networks, and building infrastructures.
Despite this multidisciplinary nature, two main perspectives in the conceptualization of resilience are recognized…
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