LINKAGE PROPOSITIONS BETWEEN FIFTY PRINCIPAL SYSTEMS CONCEPTS L. Raphael Troncale (1978)

Institute for Advanced Systems Studies
California State Polytechnic University
Pomona, California, U.S.A.

1.0 INTRODUCTION: THE NEED FOR LINKAGES BETWEEN GENERAL SYSTEMS

CONCEPTS
Ackoff states that “the concepts and terms comonly used to
talk about systems have not themselves been organized into a system [1].” Margaret Mead can be heard meeting after meeting criticizing the field she helped popularize for not applying the
“systems approach” to itself. The comparatively slow development
of a paradigm in general systems theory [compare with fields described in (2) and especially (3)] is characterized by endless redefining of the same few terms followed by the rediscovery, and
often rewording of the most comon of these terms in each new
discipline as it “popularizes” the systems level for itself. The
result has been confusion in terminology, a highly fractured and
“fuzzy” paradigm, and a set of introductory texts [4, 5, 6, 7]
none of which can be expected to cover more than a part of the
whole set of concepts available. The fragmentation of concepts
between disciplines and approaches has stifled the widespread
awareness of the consistent set of linkages that potentially exist
among the concepts.

(pdf)

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