McGinnis, M. D., and E. Ostrom. 2014. Social-ecological system framework: initial changes and continuing challenges. Ecology and Society 19(2): 30. https://doi.org/10.5751/ES-06387-190230
Frameworks for analyzing social-ecological systems
Claudia R. Binder, Claudia Pahl-Wostl, Christian Knieper
Concepts, frameworks and methods for the comparative analysis of water governance
October 28 to November 6, 2015]
Insight, part of a special feature on A Framework for Analyzing, Comparing, and Diagnosing Social-Ecological Systems
Social-ecological system framework: initial changes and continuing challenges
The social-ecological system (SES) framework investigated in this special issue enables researchers from diverse disciplinary backgrounds working on different resource sectors in disparate geographic areas, biophysical conditions, and temporal domains to share a common vocabulary for the construction and testing of alternative theories and models that determine which influences on processes and outcomes are especially critical in specific empirical settings. We summarize changes that have been made to this framework and discuss a few remaining ambiguities in its formulation. Specifically, we offer a tentative rearrangement of the list of relevant attributes of governance systems and discuss other ways to make this framework applicable to policy settings beyond natural resource settings. The SES framework will continue to change as more researchers apply it to additional contexts; the main purpose of this article is to delineate the version that served as the basis for the theoretical innovations and empirical analyses detailed in other contributions to this special issue.