Society as a CompIex Adaptive System – Walter Buckley (1968)

WE HAVE ARGUED at some length in another place that the mechanical equilibrium model and the organismic homeostasis models of society that have underlain most modern sociological theory have outlived their usefulness. A more viable model, one much more faithful to the kind of system that society is more and more recognized to k, is in process of developing out of, or is in keeping with, the modern systems perspective (which we use loosely here to refer to general systems research, cybernetics, information and communication theory, and related fields). Society, or the sociocultural system, is not, then, principally an equilibrium system or a homeostatic system, but what we shalt simply refer to as a complex adaptive system.

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h/t Liam Mahon, and then I found the document hosted on David Ing’s