The Substrate-Independence Theory: Advancing Constructor Theory to Scaffold Substrate Attributes for the Recursive Interaction between Knowledge and Information – Turner, Snowden and Thurlow (2021)

The Substrate-Independence Theory: Advancing Constructor Theory to Scaffold Substrate Attributes for the Recursive Interaction between Knowledge and Information by John Turner 1,*,Dave Snowden 2 andNigel Thurlow 3

Systems | Free Full-Text | The Substrate-Independence Theory: Advancing Constructor Theory to Scaffold Substrate Attributes for the Recursive Interaction between Knowledge and Information

System Dynamics Review volume 37, issue 4

source:

System Dynamics Society | System Dynamics Review
System Dynamics Review
Volume 37, Issue 4
 This issue discusses how En-ROADS is being used in a major bank, the role visuals play to help facilitators and users in participatory System Dynamics sessions, a new causal mapping tool that can be used with clients, and much more!

Members can access all articles by logging in on the Society website and clicking the “Member Only Access” button. Join now.
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NOTES AND INSIGHTS
Science-based analysis for climate action: how HSBC Bank uses the En-ROADS climate policy simulation
by Florian Kapmeier, Andrew S. Greenspan, Andrew P. Jones, John D. Sterman
More than 2600 HSBC employees across different organizational levels and regions have experienced En-ROADS, improving their understanding of the risks of climate change, particularly transition risks, and catalyzing action at senior levels. In this article, the authors describe the pathway for this successful collaboration.
Fig 1. En-ROADS interface.
MAIN ARTICLES
Metacognition in action as a possible explanation for stock-flow failure
by Gürsu Aşιk, Zerrin Doğança Küçük
The authors examine the metacognitive activities of participants in solving stock-flow tasks and make inferences on the possible reasons for stock-flow failure which include planning, monitoring, and estimating possible outcomes.
See blog
A Bayesian approach to calibrate system dynamics models using Hamiltonian Monte Carlo
by Jair Andrade, Jim Duggan
The authors introduce HMC, which outperforms random-walk methods, apply it to calibrate an SEIR model, and recommend visualization tools that facilitate the communication of results. The combination of SD software, R, and Stan produces robust results, facilitates reproducibility, and enhances the comprehension of the process undertaken.Fig 2. Bayesian workflow adaptation to calibrate SD models.
Boundary objects in translation: the role of language in participatory system dynamics modeling
by Ellis Ballard, Kelsey Werner, Pratiti Priyadarshini
Fig 1. Examples of visuals.Based on a multisite effort in rural India, the authors discuss how the use of visuals can help introduce models, capture the meaning of variables, and encourage model ownership. Challenges did not only include participants but also the facilitation team comprising NGO staff and field staff.
ANNOUNCEMENT
Introducing M-Tool: A standardised and inclusive mental model mapping tool
by Karlijn L. van den Broek, Sina A. Klein, Joseph Luomba, Helen Fischer


Fig 1. Mapped mental model using M-Tool.With M-Tool, participants create influence diagrams with a fixed set of pictograms representing the system variables, and weighted arrows to display their relations. It has already been used in contexts as diverse as fisher’s experience, plant-based protein transition, and COVID-19 transmission.
 
BOOK REVIEW
Feedback Economics: Economic Modeling with System Dynamics (2001)
by John T. Harvey
Ranging from macro to microeconomics, resources, policy analysis, and variations, this book is a phenomenal approach to economics. Visuals and a myriad of examples tremendously help to understand the concepts. Recommended to both neophytes and experienced SD researchers alike.
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SYSTEM DYNAMICS REVIEW

System Dynamics Society | System Dynamics Review

A Quantum Model of Exaptation: Incorporating Potentiality into Evolutionary Theory – Gabora, Scott, Kauffman (2013)

source:

[1310.0558] A Quantum Model of Exaptation: Incorporating Potentiality into Evolutionary Theory

A Quantum Model of Exaptation: Incorporating Potentiality into Evolutionary Theory

Liane GaboraEric O. ScottStuart Kauffman

The phenomenon of preadaptation, or exaptation (wherein a trait that originally evolved to solve one problem is co-opted to solve a new problem) presents a formidable challenge to efforts to describe biological phenomena using a classical (Kolmogorovian) mathematical framework. We develop a quantum framework for exaptation with examples from both biological and cultural evolution. The state of a trait is written as a linear superposition of a set of basis states, or possible forms the trait could evolve into, in a complex Hilbert space. These basis states are represented by mutually orthogonal unit vectors, each weighted by an amplitude term. The choice of possible forms (basis states) depends on the adaptive function of interest (e.g., ability to metabolize lactose or thermoregulate), which plays the role of the observable. Observables are represented by self-adjoint operators on the Hilbert space. The possible forms (basis states) corresponding to this adaptive function (observable) are called eigenstates. The framework incorporates key features of exaptation: potentiality, contextuality, nonseparability, and emergence of new features. However, since it requires that one enumerate all possible contexts, its predictive value is limited, consistent with the assertion that there exists no biological equivalent to “laws of motion” by which we can predict the evolution of the biosphere.

A Quantum Model of Exaptation: Incorporating Potentiality into Evolutionary Theory

[1310.0558] A Quantum Model of Exaptation: Incorporating Potentiality into Evolutionary Theory

Robert Rosen’s anticipatory systems | Louie (2010)

source:

[PDF] Robert Rosen’s anticipatory systems | Semantic Scholar

Robert Rosen’s anticipatory systems

  • A. Louie
  • Published 1 June 2010
  • Sociology
  • Foresight

Purpose – This article aims to be an expository introduction to Robert Rosen’s anticipatory systems, the theory of which provides the conceptual basis for foresight studies.Design/methodology/approach – The ubiquity of anticipatory systems in nature is explained.Findings – Causality is not violated by anticipatory systems, and teleology is an integral aspect of science.Practical implications – A terse exposition for a general readership, such as the present article, by definition cannot get into too many details. For further exploration the reader is referred to the recent book More than Life Itself by the author.Originality/value – The topic of anticipatory systems in particular, and methods of relational biology in general, provide important tools for foresight studies. It is the author’s hope that this brief glimpse into the world of relational biology piques the interest of some readers to pursue the subject further

Robert Rosen’s anticipatory systems

[PDF] Robert Rosen’s anticipatory systems | Semantic Scholar

Enlightened Enterprise Newsletter and course: Critical Systems Thinking and the Management of Complexity (starts Jan 18)

STARTING SOON (Jan 18th) A Course for Executives – Critical Systems Thinking and the Management of Complexity (brochure) This is the world’s first executive education course on this topic being delivered by Dr Michael C Jackson OBE, author of the book with the same title, and an internationally recognise expert. I will be co-presenting it with him. The Enlightened Enterprise Academy advocates that, “the purpose of any enterprise in any sector should be the creation of value, defined as contributions to sustainable widely shared prosperity, measured in terms of human flourishing and wellbeing”. In practice that means creating real value by solving the problems and meeting the needs and wants. It requires clarity about what value you create who for and how. These are the three core questions for strategic thinking, planning and execution. Additionally, solutions will invariably require an understanding of the systems that need to be managed to deliver solutions. Complexity usually means managing multiple systems-of-systems and having a comprehensive and holistic view of them, and the ways in which they interrelate and are interdependent. It also means being able to determine which systems thinking approaches are appropriate in tackling a particular type of problem and changing them as the problem evolves dynamically, which most problems do.

(1) Enlightened Enterprise Newsletter 01/22 | LinkedIn

Acta Europeana Systemica Journal

Volume 10 and general information

source

Acta Europeana Systemica


Created in 2011 by the European Union for Systemics (EUS), Acta Europeana Systemica (AES) is an Open Access Journal without publication fees, publishing review papers, in French or in English, on topics in all areas of systems thinking (https://ojs.uclouvain.be/index.php/AES).

We relaunch the AESjournal with a larger editorial team, a more professionalized double-blind review system, an enlarged review committee and a new layout for the papers and the bibliography.

From now on, we open a permanent call for contributions. You can send us your submissions at any time via the platform (the first time, you will have to register on the platform and don’t forget to read the Authors Guidelines).

This permanent call for contribution is also open for the participants of the 11th UES congress and the 17th HSSS Conference. Feel free to share this call with your colleagues, your PhD students, and others systemics society and organizations all over the world!

Each submission includes:

1. title (optional: a subtitle)

2. information of the author(s) (First name Last name, Institution, Laboratory, University, email address)

3. summary (no more than 1 500 characters including spaces)

4. five keywords

5. text (preferably between 45,000 and 75,000 characters including spaces)

6. bibliography in APA style

For the integrity of the blind peer-review, all over the text and the bibliography, the authors should replace their names by the word “Author”.

Vol 10 (2020): Unlock consciences: Rethinking the world after the pandemic Damien Claeys, Andrée Piecq (eds.) Déconfiner les consciences : Repenser le monde après la pandémie UES-EUS, AFSCET, AIRS, HSSS, S&O, SESGE, december 2020 Published: 2020-12-09

Acta Europeana Systemica

The Meaning and Origin of Goal-Directedness: A Dynamical Systems Perspective

Complexity Digest

Francis Heylighen

This paper attempts to clarify the notion of goal-directedness, which is often misunderstood as being inconsistent with standard causal mechanisms. We first note that goal-directedness does not presuppose any mysterious forces, such as intelligent design, vitalism, conscious intention or backward causation. We then review attempts at defining goal-directedness by means of more operational characteristics: equifinality, plasticity, persistence, concerted action and negative feedback. We show that all these features can be explained by interpreting a goal as a far-from-equilibrium attractor of a dynamical system. This implies that perturbations that make the system deviate from its goal-directed trajectory are automatically compensated—at least as long as the system stays within the same basin of attraction. We argue that attractors and basins with the necessary degree of resilience tend to self-organize in complex reaction networks, thus producing self-maintaining “organizations”. These can be seen as an abstract model of the first goal-directed systems…

View original post 13 more words

Complexity Sciences – Vigni (2021)

h/t Michael Garfield – who talks about this as ‘complexity as a platform’ rather than a discipline

Complexity Sciences | Science & Technology Studies

Complexity Sciences

A Scientific Platform

Authors

DOI: https://doi.org/10.23987/sts.97027

Abstract

Social scientists have proposed several concepts to give account of the way scientific life organizes. By studying “complexity sciences” – established in the mid-1980s by the “Santa Fe Institute” in New Mexico (USA) –, the present article addresses to interdisciplinary studies and emergent domains literature by proposing a new concept to describe this domain. Drawing from Bourdieusian sociology of science and STS, a “scientific platform” is defined as a meeting point between different specialties, which, on the basis of a flexible common ground, pursue together shared or parallel socio-epistemic objectives. Most of the specialties inscribed in complexity suffer from a relative marginality in their disciplinary field. The term “platform” refers to what the heterogeneous members of the collective mutualize, both in cognitive and social terms, in order to exist and expand.

Vol. 34 No. 4 (2021): Science & Technology Studies

Complexity Sciences A Scientific Platform

Complexity Sciences | Science & Technology Studies

Transmission T-019: David Wolpert on statistical tools for making pandemic predictions | Santa Fe Institute

Transmission T-019: David Wolpert on statistical tools for making pandemic predictions Detail of the figure “Night” from the tomb of Giuliano de’ Medici. Michelangelo Buonarroti. Marble. 1523 APRIL 20, 2020

Transmission T-019: David Wolpert on statistical tools for making pandemic predictions | Santa Fe Institute

A Mathematical Theory of Communication – Shannon (1948)

A Brief Introduction on Shannon’s Information Theory January 2016

DOI:10.13140/RG.2.1.2912.3604

Ricky X. F. Chen, University of Virginia

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/291831205_A_Brief_Introduction_on_Shannon%27s_Information_Theory

The paper:

A Mathematical Theory of Communication

A Mathematical Theory of Communication – Wikipedia

SCiO Virtual Open Meeting – 17 January 2022 | Systems Convening from Bev and Etienne Wenger-Trayner, and Scenario Planning from Julio Graham, 18:30 UK time

SCiO Virtual Open Meeting – January 2022 | SCiO

SCiO Virtual Open Meeting – January 2022

Virtual Open Meeting: A series of presentations of general interest to Systems & Complexity in Organisation’s members and others.

About this Event

SCiO organises Open Meetings to provide opportunities for practitioners to learn and develop new practice, to build relationships, networks hear about skills, tools, practice and experiences. This virtual session will be held on Zoom, the details of which will be confirmed nearer the time.

There will be two sessions during the open meeting, as follows …

Session 1 – Systems convening: an approach to systemic learning capability for non-systems theorists

Abstract: We describe the work of people who take a systems convening approach, whether they know it or not. We articulate the mindset with which they approach the work and the different dimensions of that work.It’s a context-based, non-prescriptive conceptualisation based on people’s experiences.

Presenters: Bev and Etienne Wenger-Traynor; Social Learning Theorists & Consultants 

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Session 2 – Scenario Planning 

Abstract: Exploring scenarios systematically. 

Presenter: Julio Graham: Managing Director, Olive Professional Services

Event Resources

There are no resources associated with this event.Date & TimeMon 17 January 2022 18:30–20:30

more info and book here:

SCiO Virtual Open Meeting – January 2022 | SCiO

A centennial tribute to Gregory Bateson 1904-1980 and his influence on the fields of organizational development and action research | Hawkins (2004)

A centennial tribute to Gregory Bateson 1904-1980 and his influence on the fields of organizational development and action research Peter Hawkins 2004, Action Research

(PDF) A centennial tribute to Gregory Bateson 1904-1980 and his influence on the fields of organizational development and action research | Peter Hawkins – Academia.edu

Management Systems: A Viable Approach (book) | Maurice Yolles (1999)

Management Systems: A Viable Approach – Maurice Yolles

(PDF) Management Systems: A Viable Approach | Maurice Yolles – Academia.edu

This text explore the nature of management systems, explores the nature of methodology and method. and then presents a number of relativistic methodologies in the systems domain that are able to cope with social complexity. Case illustrations are provided for these. The book is about managing complexity, and within it a management systems approach to situations is adopted that relates to the uncertain and complex, and that involve what many might refer to in the abstract as purposeful adaptive activity systems. Management systems is the use of systems thinking to pursue management activities. It can provide an important way to showing managers and other leaders how they may be able to satisfactorily deal with complexity. Some aspects of management systems provide ways by which complex situations can be described, while others give guidelines that enable us to explain such situations. Interest here will, in addition to this, be to explore the nature of systemic inquiry into complex situations through methods that enable managers to formulate dynamic strategic plans.

Prevalence-induced concept change in human judgment – Levari et al (2018)

source (via Naomi Most):

Prevalence-induced concept change in human judgment – PubMed

Prevalence-induced concept change in human judgment

David E Levari 1Daniel T Gilbert 2Timothy D Wilson 3Beau Sievers 4David M Amodio 5Thalia Wheatley 4Affiliations expand

Abstract

Why do some social problems seem so intractable? In a series of experiments, we show that people often respond to decreases in the prevalence of a stimulus by expanding their concept of it. When blue dots became rare, participants began to see purple dots as blue; when threatening faces became rare, participants began to see neutral faces as threatening; and when unethical requests became rare, participants began to see innocuous requests as unethical. This “prevalence-induced concept change” occurred even when participants were forewarned about it and even when they were instructed and paid to resist it. Social problems may seem intractable in part because reductions in their prevalence lead people to see more of them.

continues in source:

Prevalence-induced concept change in human judgment – PubMed

Weaving Indigenous and Modern Perspectives for Systems Change – Live Panel Discussion with Joshua Konkankoh and Adrian Röbke – Systems Change Alliance – 12 January 2022, 7pm UK time

Weaving Indigenous and Modern Perspectives for Systems Change – Live Panel Discussion with Joshua Konkankoh and Adrian Röbke DATE 12 Jan 2022 TIME 7:00 pm – 7:45 pm

Weaving Indigenous and Modern Perspectives for Systems Change – Live Panel Discussion with Joshua Konkankoh and Adrian Röbke – Systems Change Alliance