What is an intelligent machine? W. Ross Ashby

full pdf:

https://www.computer.org/csdl/proceedings/afips/1961/5058/00/50580275.pdf

 

 

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From the “intelligent” processes we must first split off those that are peculiar to the living brain, but only because they are not commonly met with elsewhere. These processes are of interest but are neither intelligent nor stupid, neither good nor bad.

The “intelligent” processes <u>par excellence</u> are the goal-seeking–those that show high power of appropriate selection. Man and computer show their powers alike, by appropriate selection. But both are bounded by the fact that appropriate selection (to a degree better than chance) can be achieved only as a consequence of information received and processed.

Machines can be made as intelligent as we please, but both they and Man are bounded by the fact that their intelligence cannot exceed their powers of receiving and processing information.

Source: What is an intelligent machine?