13 JUL 2020 • 6 MIN READ
Prominent scholars in the field accept that the history and development of systems thinking has occurred in “waves” as originated by Flood, Jackson, and Keyes and built on by Midgley, et. al. This metaphor was extended in the late ’90s early ’00s with Cabrera  and Midgley  and the suggestion of a 4th Wave. The “waves” have proven to be a useful and powerful conceptual, historical, and pedagogical model (as long as we are aware of periodization bias and what’s-nextism bias). For a more in-depth review of the “waves” see Cabrera.
continues in sourceSystems Thinking version 4.0