Systems Thinking version 4.0 – Derek Cabrera

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Systems Thinking version 4.0

DEREK CABRERA, PHD

13 JUL 2020 • 6 MIN READ

Systems Thinking version 4.0

Prominent scholars in the field accept that the history and development of systems thinking has occurred in “waves” as originated by Flood, Jackson, and Keyes[1][2] and built on by Midgley, et. al.[3][4][5] This metaphor was extended in the late ’90s early ’00s with Cabrera[6] [7] and Midgley [8] and the suggestion of a 4th Wave. The “waves” have proven to be a useful and powerful conceptual, historical, and pedagogical model (as long as we are aware of periodization bias and what’s-nextism bias). For a more in-depth review of the “waves” see Cabrera[6].

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Systems Thinking version 4.0