Systemogenesis as a General Regulator of Brain Development – Anokhin (1964)

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P.K.Anokhin

Systemogenesis as a General Regulator of Brain Development โ€“ ScienceDirect

Systemogenesis as a General Regulator of Brain Development

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https://doi.org/10.1016/S0079-6123(08)63131-3Get rights and content

Publisher Summary

The data collected in the laboratories over a number of years gives an opportunity to suggest that systemogenesis is a real regulator of the development of the brain structures and functions. The development goes on all the time selectively and is accelerated in accordance with the earliest needed adaptation to the outside surroundings by the newborn animal. It is seen that the well-timed consolidation of the vitally needed functional systems of the organism is continuously monitored by the systemic initial arrangement, the growth, and consolidation of the components of the functional system. It is also seen that this heterochronic maturation of different components of the functional system takes place everywhere, including the finest organizations on the level of molecular combinations and in the processes of the selective and successive maturation of individual synaptic organizations, in particular, on the cortical level. It is true that the systemogenetic type of the maturation and the growth is the most marked for those functional systems of the organism, which must be mature exactly at the moment of birth. They are evidently inborn, the preparation for their consolidation is preformed, and in fact, in the process of the ontogenesis, they correspond demonstrably to the ecological factors of that species of animal. The combination of the components of later and finer organized functional systems on the basis of which different behavioral acts are formed is less easily demonstrated. In that case, maturation and formation of new synaptic organizations of the brain in the presence of the completely mature peripheral working apparatus begin to play a leading role.

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https://www.sciencedirect.com.sci-hub.se/science/article/abs/pii/S0079612308631313