Philosophy and complexity | Francis Heylighen (2007)

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Philosophy and complexity | Francis Heylighen – Academia.edu

Philosophy and complexity

Francis Heylighen2007, Complexity, science and society179 Views21 Pages1 File ▾Show more ▾Abstract: The science of complexity is based on a new way of thinking that stands in sharp contrast to the philosophy underlying Newtonian science, which is based on reductionism, determinism, and objective knowledge. This paper reviews the historical development of this new world view, focusing on its philosophical foundations. Determinism was challenged by quantum mechanics and chaos theory. Systems theory replaced reductionism by a scientifically based holism. Cybernetics and postmodern social science showed that …

source:

Philosophy and complexity | Francis Heylighen – Academia.edu