Philip Clayton – How Can Emergence Explain Reality?
23 Aug 2014 Closer To Truth
For more videos and information from Philip Clayton click here http://bit.ly/1CCgAsD For more videos on how emergence can explain reality click here http://bit.ly/1CClRAD How does Emergence work? What does it say about reality?
Stuart Kauffman – Is Emergence Fundamental?
9 Nov 2015 Closer To Truth
How critical is emergence in how the world works?
Click here to watch more interviews on emergence http://bit.ly/1SDBpev
Click here to watch more interviews from Stuart Kauffman http://bit.ly/1Mkneqa
What is emergence? What does “emergent” mean?
Sabine Hossenfelder https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bJE6-VTdbjw
The word “emerging” is often used colloquially to mean something like “giving rise to” or “becoming apparent”. But emerging, emergent, and emergence are also technical terms. In this video, I want to explain what physicists mean by emergence, which is also the way that the expression is often, but not always, used by philosophers.
David J. ChalmersIn P. Davies & P. Clayton (eds.), The Re-Emergence of Emergence: The Emergentist Hypothesis From Science to Religion. Oxford University Press (2006)
Emergence as the conversion of information: A unifying theory
Is reduction always a good scientific strategy? Does it always lead to a gain in information? The very existence of the special sciences above and beyond physics seems to hint no. Previous research has shown that dimension reduction (macroscales) can increase the dependency between elements of a system (a phenomenon called “causal emergence”). However, this has been shown only for specific measures like effective information or integrated information. Here, we provide an umbrella mathematical framework for emergence based on information conversion. Specifically, we show evidence that a macroscale can have more of a certain type of information than its underlying microscale. This is because macroscales can convert information from one type to another. In such cases, reduction to a microscale means the loss of this type of information. We demonstrate this using the well-understood mutual information measure applied to Boolean networks. By using the partial information decomposition, the mutual information can be decomposed into redundant, unique, and synergistic information atoms. Then by introducing a novel measure of the synergy bias of a given decomposition, we are able to show that the synergy component of a Boolean network’s mutual information can increase at macroscales. This can occur even when there is no difference in the total mutual information between a macroscale and its underlying microscale, proving information conversion. We relate this broad framework to previous work, compare it to other theories, and argue it complexifies any notion of universal reduction in the sciences, since such reduction would likely lead to a loss of synergistic information in scientific models.
|Comments:||20 pages, 4 figures|
|Subjects:||Information Theory (cs.IT|
The re-emergence of “emergence”: A venerable concept in search of a theory
Philip Clayton and Paul Davies (eds.), The Re-Emergence of Emergence: The Emergentist Hypothesis from Science to Religion
Oxford University Press, Oxford 2006, xiv and 330 pp, $99.00
International Journal for Philosophy of Religion volume 62, pages119–121 (2007)
The Reemergence of ‘Emergence’
- September 2001
- Philosophy of Science 68(3)
Thread from Mel Conway