Autopoiesis: the organization of living systems, its characterization and a model.F. G. Varela, H. Maturana, R. UribePublished 1 May 1974Autopoiesis: the organization of living systems, its characterization and a model. | Semantic Scholar
I’m a little surprised this wasn’t already here (it may be one of the things that was on model.report and therefore the link was lost). This has cropped up again on the American Society for Cybernetics mailing list – mainly contra Luhmann. If you want a lot of these sorts of cybernetics debates, the ASC member list and the CYBSOC open mailing list (see other posts) are good.